RAPIDS Installation Guide

RAPIDS has several methods for installation, depending on the preferred environment and version. New Users should review the system and environment prerequisites.

Install RAPIDS with Release Selector

System Requirements

Environment Setup

Next Steps

Install RAPIDS

Use the selector tool below to select your preferred method, packages, and environment to install RAPIDS. Certain combinations may not be possible and are dimmed automatically.

System CUDA
RAPIDS Packages
Additional Packages
Image Location
Image Type

Installation Troubleshooting

Conda Issues

A conda create error occurs:
RAPIDS has switched the default solver recommendation to libmamba, a Mamba-powered Conda solver that is now included with all Conda/Miniconda installations to significantly accelerate environment solving. The error output shows:

conda create: error: argument --solver: invalid choice: 'libmamba' (choose from 'classic')

To resolve this error please follow one of these steps:

  • If the Conda installation is version 22.11 or newer, run: conda install -n base conda-libmamba-solver
  • If the Conda installation is older than 22.11, please update your Conda or Miniconda to the latest version
  • Use Mamba directly
  • Use the classic solver by removing --solver=libmamba from the conda create command provided by the selector

CUDA 12.0 ARM packages are not yet available:
Conda-forge does not yet support the minimum required glibc (2.32) for CUDA 12 on ARM. For ARM support, please use CUDA 11.

At the time of writing, there is no stable CUDA 12 release of PyTorch:
PyTorch currently only has nightly builds for CUDA 12.1, stable builds are limited to CUDA 11.
The installation method below may allow RAPIDS CUDA 12.0 packages to coexist with PyTorch CUDA 12.1 nightly packages if there is a hard-requirement of CUDA 12 but it is currently unsupported:

conda create --solver=libmamba -n rapids-pytorch-cu12 -c rapidsai -c pytorch-nightly -c conda-forge -c nvidia rapids=23.08 cuda-version=12.0 pytorch pytorch-cuda=12.1

Docker Issues

RAPIDS 23.08 brings significant Docker changes.
To learn more about these changes, please see the RAPIDS Container README. Some key notes below:

  • Development images are no longer being published, in the coming releases RAPIDS will roll out Dev Containers for development
  • All images are Ubuntu-based
    • CUDA 11.2 images are Ubuntu 20.04
    • All other images are Ubuntu 22.04
  • All images are multiarch (x86_64 and ARM)
    • CUDA 12 is not yet supported when using Docker images on ARM architecture
  • The Base image starts in an ipython shell
    • To run bash commands inside the ipython shell prefix the command with !
    • To run the image without the ipython shell add /bin/bash to the end of the docker run command
  • For a full list of changes please see this RAPIDS Docker Issue

pip Issues

pip installations require using the matching wheel to the system’s installed CUDA toolkit. For CUDA 11 toolkits, install the -cu11 wheels, and for CUDA 12 tookits install the -cu12 wheels. If your installation has a CUDA 12 driver but a CUDA 11 toolkit, use the -cu11 wheels.
Infiniband is not supported yet.
These packages are not compatible with Tensorflow pip packages. Please use the NGC containers or conda packages instead.
If you experience a “Failed to import CuPy” error, please uninstall any existing versions of cupy and install cupy-cuda11x. For example:

pip uninstall cupy-cuda115; pip install cupy-cuda11x

The following error message indicates a problem with your environment:

ERROR: Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement cudf-cu11 (from versions: 0.0.1, 23.08)
ERROR: No matching distribution found for cudf-cu11

Check the suggestions below for possible resolutions:

  • The pip index has moved from the initial experimental release! Ensure the correct --extra-index-url=https://pypi.nvidia.com
  • Only Python versions 3.9 and 3.10 are supported
  • RAPIDS pip packages require a recent version of pip that supports PEP600. Some users may need to update pip: pip install -U pip

Dask / Jupyter / Tornado 6.2 dependency conflicts can occur. Install jupyter-client 7.3.4 if the error below occurs:

    ERROR: pip's dependency resolver does not currently take into account all the packages that are installed. This behavior is the source of the following dependency conflicts.
    jupyter-client 7.4.2 requires tornado>=6.2, but you have tornado 6.1 which is incompatible.

cuSpatial installation may yield the error below:

    ERROR: GDAL >= 3.2 is required for fiona. Please upgrade GDAL.

To resolve, either GDAL needs to be updated, or fiona needs to be pinned to specific versions depending on the installation OS. please see the cuSpatial README to resolve this error.

WSL2 Issues

See the WSL2 setup troubleshooting section.

System Requirements

OS / GPU Driver / CUDA Versions

All provisioned systems need to be RAPIDS capable. Here’s what is required:

GPU: NVIDIA Pascal™ or better with compute capability 6.0+

OS: One of the following OS versions:

  • Ubuntu 20.04/22.04 or CentOS 7 / Rocky Linux 8 with gcc/++ 9.0+
  • Windows 11 using a WSL2 specific install
  • RHEL 7/8 support is provided through CentOS 7 / Rocky Linux 8 builds/installs

CUDA & NVIDIA Drivers: One of the following supported versions:

  • CUDA 11.2 with Driver 470.42.01 or newer
  • CUDA 11.4 with Driver 470.42.01 or newer
  • CUDA 11.5 with Driver 495.29.05 or newer
  • CUDA 11.8 with Driver 520.61.05 or newer
  • CUDA 12.0 with Driver 525.60.13 or newer see CUDA 12 section below for notes on usage

Note: RAPIDS is tested with and officially supports the versions listed above. Newer CUDA and driver versions may also work with RAPIDS. See CUDA compatibility for details.

CUDA 12 Support

Docker and Conda

  • CUDA 12 conda packages and Docker images currently support CUDA 12.0
  • CUDA 11 conda packages and Docker images can be used on a system with a CUDA 12 driver because they include their own CUDA toolkit
  • ARM is not currently supported by CUDA 12 conda packages or Docker images, use CUDA 11 or pip packages for ARM support


  • pip installations require using a wheel matching the system’s installed CUDA toolkit.
  • For CUDA 11 toolkits, install the -cu11 wheels, and for CUDA 12 toolkits install the -cu12 wheels. If your installation has a CUDA 12 driver but a CUDA 11 toolkit, use the -cu11 wheels.

System Recommendations

Aside from the system requirements, other considerations for best performance include:

  • SSD drive (NVMe preferred)
  • Approximately 2:1 ratio of system Memory to total GPU Memory (especially useful for Dask)
  • NVLink with 2 or more GPUs

Cloud Instance GPUs

If you do not have access to GPU hardware, there are several cloud service providers (CSP) that are RAPIDS enabled. Learn how to deploy RAPIDS on AWS, Azure, GCP, and IBM cloud on our Cloud Deployment Page.

Several services also offer free and limited trials with GPU resources:

Environment Setup

For most installations, you will need a Conda or Docker environments installed for RAPIDS. Note, these examples are structured for installing on Ubuntu. Please modify appropriately for CentOS / Rocky Linux. Windows 11 has a WSL2 specific install.


RAPIDS can use several versions of conda:

Below is a quick installation guide using miniconda.

1. Download and Run Install Script. Copy the command below to download and run the miniconda install script:

wget https://repo.anaconda.com/miniconda/Miniconda3-latest-Linux-x86_64.sh
bash Miniconda3-latest-Linux-x86_64.sh

2. Customize Conda and Run the Install. Use the terminal window to finish installation. Note, we recommend enabling conda-init.

3. Start Conda. Open a new terminal window, which should now show Conda initialized.


RAPIDS requires both Docker CE v19.03+ and nvidia-container-toolkit installed.

1. Download and Install. Copy command below to download and install the latest Docker CE Edition:

curl https://get.docker.com | sh

2. Install Latest NVIDIA Docker. Select the appropriate supported distribution:

curl -s -L https://nvidia.github.io/nvidia-container-runtime/gpgkey | sudo apt-key add - distribution=$(. /etc/os-release;echo $ID$VERSION_ID)
curl -s -L https://nvidia.github.io/nvidia-container-runtime/$distribution/nvidia-container-runtime.list | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nvidia-container-runtime.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nvidia-container-runtime

3. Start Docker. In new terminal window run:

sudo service docker stop
sudo service docker start

4a. Test NVIDIA Docker. In a terminal window run:

docker run --gpus all nvcr.io/nvidia/k8s/cuda-sample:nbody nbody -gpu -benchmark

4b. Legacy Docker Users. Docker CE v18 & nvidia-docker2 users will need to replace the following for compatibility: docker run --gpus all with docker run --runtime=nvidia


The command provided from the selector for the notebooks Docker image will run JupyterLab on your host machine at port: 8888.

Running Multi-Node / Multi-GPU (MNMG) Environment. To start the container in an MNMG environment:

docker run -t -d --gpus all --shm-size=1g --ulimit memlock=-1 --ulimit stack= 67108864 -v $PWD:/ws <container label>

The standard docker command may be sufficient, but the additional arguments ensures more stability. See the NCCL docs and UCX docs for more details on MNMG usage.

Custom Datasets. See the RAPIDS Container README for more information about using custom datasets. Docker Hub and NVIDIA GPU Cloud host RAPIDS containers with a full list of available tags.


RAPIDS pip packages are available for CUDA 11 and CUDA 12 on the NVIDIA Python Package Index.

pip Additional Prerequisites

The CUDA toolkit version on your system must match the pip CUDA version you install (-cu11 or -cu12).
glibc version: x86_64 wheels require glibc >= 2.17.
glibc version: ARM architecture (aarch64) wheels require glibc >= 2.32 (only ARM Server Base System Architecture is supported).

Windows WSL2

Windows users can now tap into GPU accelerated data science on their local machines using RAPIDS on Windows Subsystem for Linux 2. WSL2 is a Windows feature that enables users to run native Linux command line tools directly on Windows. Using this feature does not require a dual boot environment, removing complexity and saving you time.

WSL2 Additional Prerequisites

OS: Windows 11 with Ubuntu 22.04 instance for WSL2.
WSL Version: WSL2 (WSL1 not supported).
GPU: GPUs with Compute Capability 7.0 or higher (16GB+ GPU RAM is recommended).


Only single GPU is supported.
GPU Direct Storage is not supported.


When installing with Conda, if an http 000 connection error occurs when accessing the repository data, run wsl --shutdown and then restart the WSL instance.

When installing with Conda or pip, if an WSL2 Jitify fatal error: libcuda.so: cannot open shared object file error occurs, follow suggestions in this WSL issue to resolve.

When installing with Docker Desktop, if the container pull command is successful, but the run command hangs indefinitely, ensure you’re on Docker Desktop >= 4.18.

WSL2 Conda Install (Preferred Method)

  1. Install WSL2 and the Ubuntu 22.04 package using Microsoft’s instructions.
  2. Install the latest NVIDIA Drivers on the Windows host.
  3. Log in to the WSL2 Linux instance.
  4. Install Conda in the WSL2 Linux Instance using our Conda instructions.
  5. Install RAPIDS via Conda, using the RAPIDS Release Selector.
  6. Run this code to check that the RAPIDS installation is working:
     import cudf
     print(cudf.Series([1, 2, 3]))

WSL2 Docker Desktop Install

  1. Install WSL2 and the Ubuntu 22.04 package using Microsoft’s instructions.
  2. Install the latest NVIDIA Drivers on the Windows host.
  3. Install latest Docker Desktop for Windows
  4. Log in to the WSL2 Linux instance.
  5. Generate and run the RAPIDS docker command based on your desired configuration using the RAPIDS Release Selector.
  6. Inside the Docker instance, run this code to check that the RAPIDS installation is working:
     import cudf
     print(cudf.Series([1, 2, 3]))

WSL2 pip Install

  1. Install WSL2 and the Ubuntu 22.04 package using Microsoft’s instructions.
  2. Install the latest NVIDIA Drivers on the Windows host.
  3. Log in to the WSL2 Linux instance.
  4. Follow this helpful developer guide and then install the WSL-specific CUDA 11.8 or CUDA 12.0 Toolkit without drivers into the WSL2 instance.
    • The installed CUDA Toolkit version must match the pip wheel version (-cu11 or -cu12)
  5. Install RAPIDS pip packages on the WSL2 Linux Instance using the release selector commands.
  6. Run this code to check that the RAPIDS installation is working:
     import cudf
     print(cudf.Series([1, 2, 3]))

Build from Source

To build from source, check each RAPIDS GitHub README, such as the cuDF’s source environment set up and build instructions. Further links are provided in the selector tool. If additional help is needed reach out on our Slack Channel.

Next Steps

After installing the RAPIDS libraries, the best place to get started is our User Guide. Our RAPIDS.ai home page also provides a great deal of information, as does our Blog Page and the NVIDIA Developer Blog. We are also always available on our RAPIDS GoAi Slack Channel.